Contact : nicolastajan[at]yahoo.fr
Socially Withdrawn Youths (hikikomori), School Non-Attendance and Dropout.
Clinical Psychology, Psychopathology, Psychoanalysis,Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, Medical Anthropology, History of Thought
Comparative Studies in Mental Health and Society.
PhD Dissertation: “Social withdrawal in Japan”
The purpose of my PhD Dissertation is to provide a review of social withdrawal in Japan (hikikomori and futōkō). Hikikomori is the phenomenon of social withdrawal that effects hundreds of thousands individuals, in which the individual shuts his/herself in their room generally at their family’s home for several months and even years without social relationships. During the period of compulsory education, students’ social withdrawal is rather coined by the term futōkō (school non-attendance). First, I consider hikikomori as a social issue and sum up previous research in Anthropology, Psychiatry and Psychology. Then, I describe my investigation in NPOs, hikikomori individuals’ accounts I collected, and draw my perspective on the intersection of Clinical Psychology and Mental Health Anthropology. Second, I investigate the support available to futōkō since many hikikomori experienced school non-attendance, using research interviews with Japanese clinical practitioners. Finally, I examine social withdrawal phenomenon in relation to Japanese identity discourse, towards a new approach of Doi Takeo’s, Kawai Hayao’s, and Jacques Lacan’s writings. My results reveal that hikikomori mostly receive support from caregivers working in NPOs, among which psychiatrists and psychologists are absent. However, while clinical psychologists actually support junior high school students who are classified as futōkō, the support available to high school dropouts remains low. As a whole, this dissertation shows that at the beginning of the 21st century, we are just witnessing the birth of psychological clinics in Japan, especially in the field of child and adolescent mental care.
LIST OF PUBLICATIONS
Articles in international and national peer-reviewed journals
- Tajan N., The Prevention of School Dropout in France, Zinbun [Annals of the Institute for Research in Humanities – Kyōto University], 44: 93-103, (in French), June 2014.
- Furuhashi T., Tsuda H., Ogawa T., Suzuki K., Shimizu M., Teruyama J., Horiguchi S., Shimizu K., Sedooka A., Figueiredo C., Pionnié-Dax N., Tajan N., Fansten M., Vellut N., Castel P.-H., Current Situation, Commonalities and Differences Between Socially Withdrawn Young Adults (Hikikomori) in France and Japan, L’Evolution Psychiatrique, 78(2): 249-266 (in French with English abstract), 2013.
- Figueiredo C., Pionné-Dax N., Tajan N., Vellut N., Singly F. de, Pierrot A., Castel P.-H., Furuhashi T., Tsuda H., Ogawa T., Suzuki K., Shimizu M., Kitanaka J., Teruyama J., Horiguchi S., Shimizu K., Sedooka A., 「ひきこもり」青年の日仏における共通点と相違点について [Commonalities and Differences in Hikikomori Youths in Japan and France], Nagoya Journal of Health, Physical Fitness & Sports, 34(1): 29-33 (in Japanese with English abstract), 2011.
Academic book chapters
- Tajan N., フランスの学校心理士制度 [School Psychology in France] in長谷川啓三, 花田里欧子, & 佐藤宏平 (Eds.) 事例で学ぶ生徒指導・進路指導・教育相談 (小学校編) [Hasegawa K., Hanada R., and Sato K. (Eds), Learning with Examples: Student Guidance, Vocational Guidance, Educational Counseling at Primary School]. 東京: 遠見書房. 共著 (日本語, 立木康介訳), p. 148 (in Japanese), 2014.3.
- Tajan N., “About Hikikomori”, in Dominique Texier (ed.), The Connected Child, collection “1001 et +”, Eres Press, p. 201-207 (in French), 2014.
- Tajan N., Book review: Gonon A., Galan, C., Le monde comme horizon. Etat des Sciences Humaines et Sociales au Japon. Arles, France, Philippe Picquier, 2009, 327 p., L’Homme: Revue française d’anthropologie, 2/2011 (n°198-199), p. 449-450 (in French), 2011.
- Tajan N., Book review: Marie-Jean Sauret, Malaise dans le capitalisme, Toulouse, Presses Universitaires du Mirail, 2010, 316 p., Cliniques Méditerranéennes, psychanalyse et psychopathologie freudiennes, 81, p. 173-176 (in French), 2010.
- Tajan N., Book review: Jerôme Blumberg, Daniel Friedmann, Être psy, Paris, Editions Montparnasse, 2009, coffret 14 DVD, Chimères: Revue des schizoanalyses, 72, p. 325-326 (in French), 2010.
Presentations with publication of the proceedings at national and international symposiums
- Tajan N. “Psychiatric, NPOs and Clinical Approaches of Hikikomori”, presentation at the 10th Symposium of the French Society of Japanese Studies, Toulouse II University le Mirail, Toulouse, December 19th – 21st 2012, in Japon Pluriel 10, p. 203-210, forthcoming (in French with English abstract), 2015.1.
- Tajan N. “Japanese Psychology: History, Challenges, Perspectives”, presentation at 54th National Congress of the French Society of Psychology, Montpellier University, Montpellier, September 3rd – 5th, p. 180-182 (in French), 2012.
- Tajan, N. “Hikikomori, an Idiom of Distress”, presentation at Japanese French Research (JFR), Maison Franco-Japonaise, Tōkyō, December 17th 2011, p. 32-33 (in French and English), 2011.
Scientific popularization and other publications
- Miwaki Y. and Tajan N., McGill Illness Narratives Interview (MINI), first Japanese translation, August 2014, retrieved from http://www.mcgill.ca/tcpsych/research/cmhru/mini
- 日本とフランスの「ひきこもり」比較 / French Hikikomori, Wochi Kochi Magazine, Japan Foundation, (in English and Japanese), April 1st
- Otake, T., “French researchers seek ‘raison d’être’ of hikikomori”, in Japan Times newspaper, (in English), Sunday November 20th 2011.
- Interview with Ueyama Kazuki (in Japanese subtitled in French) DVD 37 min, 2010.
01/04/2014 Kyōto University Institute for Research in Humanities, Japan. Post-doctoral researcher at the Canon Foundation in Europe. Research topic: France-Japan comparative study of junior high school non-attendance (~ March 31st 2015).
05/10/2012 Kyōto University Institute for Research in Humanities, Japan. Post-doctoral fellow at the Japan Society for the Promotion of Science – JSPS short-term program for North American and European Researchers, through a Nominative Authority (CNRS). Research topic: France-Japan comparative study of social withdrawal and school non-attendance (~ October 4th 2013).
14/04/2011 Kyōto University Institute for Research in Humanities, Japan. Research fellow at The Japan Foundation. Research topic: French-Japan comparative study of social withdrawal (~August 31st 2012).
30/08/2014 French Institute of Kansai, Kyōto, Japan. Lecturer in History of Thought & Psychology (starting August 30th 2014).
05/2007 Agen city Guidance center (CMPP), France. Clinical psychologist & psychotherapist (~ March 2011).
03/2006 Bordeaux city Child & Welfare services (PMI), France. Clinical psychologist (~ June 2007).
09/2004 Cadillac sur Garonne Psychiatric Hospital for teenagers “La demi-lune”, France. Assistant-psychologist (~ June 2005).
09/2003 Bordeaux Children’s Hospital – Pediatric Neurology department. Assistant-psychologist (~ June 2004).
09/2002 Créon city Guidance and rehabilitation center for children and teenagers (ITEP-AGREA). Assistant-psychologist (~ 2011).
08/02/2014 Ph.D. in Psychopathology, with highest honors (Doctorat en psychopathologie mention “Très Honorable à l’unanimité”). Title: “Social Withdrawal in Japan: An Investigation on Hikikomori and School Non-Attendance (Futōkō)”, under the supervision of Marie-Jean Sauret (Professor, Toulouse University) and Pierre-Henri Castel (Research Director, CNRS-Paris Descartes University) defended February 8th 2014 at Toulouse II University le Mirail (France).
07/2009 Master of Arts, Letters and Languages, “Research in Philosophy”, with highest honors (mention Très Bien), Montpellier III University Paul Valéry (France).
07/2005 Master of Humanities and Social Sciences, “Child and Adolescent Psychology”, with honors (mention Bien), Bordeaux II University Victor Segalen (France).