Nicolas TAJAN

Ph.D. (Psychopathology)

Postdoctoral researcher, Kyōto University, Institute for Research in Humanities



Articles in international and national peer-reviewed journals

  1. Tajan, N. Social Withdrawal and Psychiatry: A Comprehensive Review of Hikikomori, Neuropsychiatrie de l’Enfance et de l’Adolescence, 2015, doi:10.1016/j.neurenf.2015.03.008.
  2. Tajan N., Adolescents’ School Non-Attendance and the Spread of Psychological Counselling in Japan, Asia Pacific Journal of Counselling and Psychotherapy: 1–12, 2015, doi:10.1080/21507686.2015.1029502.
  3. Tajan N., The Prevention of School Dropout in France, Zinbun [Annals of the Institute for Research in Humanities – Kyōto University], 44: 93-103, (in French), June 2014.
  4. Furuhashi T., Tsuda H., Ogawa T., Suzuki K., Shimizu M., Teruyama J., Horiguchi S., Shimizu K., Sedooka A., Figueiredo C., Pionnié-Dax N., Tajan N., Fansten M., Vellut N., Castel P.-H., Current Situation, Commonalities and Differences Between Socially Withdrawn Young Adults (Hikikomori) in France and Japan, L’Evolution Psychiatrique, 78(2): 249-266 (in French with English abstract), 2013.
  5. Figueiredo C., Pionné-Dax N., Tajan N., Vellut N., Singly F. de, Pierrot A., Castel P.-H., Furuhashi T., Tsuda H., Ogawa T., Suzuki K., Shimizu M., Kitanaka J., Teruyama J., Horiguchi S., Shimizu K., Sedooka A., 「ひきこもり」青年の日仏における共通点と相違点について [Commonalities and Differences in Hikikomori Youths in Japan and France], Nagoya Journal of Health, Physical Fitness & Sports, 34(1): 29-33 (in Japanese with English abstract), 2011.

Academic book chapters

  1. Tajan N., フランスの学校心理士制度 [School Psychology in France] in長谷川啓三, 花田里欧子, & 佐藤宏平 (Eds.) 事例で学ぶ生徒指導・進路指導・教育相談 (小学校編) [Hasegawa K., Hanada R., and Sato K. (Eds), Learning with Examples: Student Guidance, Vocational Guidance, Educational Counseling at Primary School]. 東京: 遠見書房. 共著 (日本語, 立木康介訳), p. 148 (in Japanese), 2014.3.
  2. Tajan N., “About Hikikomori”, in Dominique Texier (ed.), The Connected Child, collection “1001 et +”, Eres Press, p. 201-207 (in French), 2014.

Book reviews

  1. Tajan N., Book review: Gonon A., Galan, C., Le monde comme horizon. Etat des Sciences Humaines et Sociales au Japon. Arles, France, Philippe Picquier, 2009, 327 p., L’Homme: Revue française d’anthropologie, 2/2011 (n°198-199), p. 449-450 (in French), 2011.
  2. Tajan N., Book review: Marie-Jean Sauret, Malaise dans le capitalisme, Toulouse, Presses Universitaires du Mirail, 2010, 316 p., Cliniques Méditerranéennes, psychanalyse et psychopathologie freudiennes, 81, p. 173-176 (in French), 2010.
  3. Tajan N., Book review: Jerôme Blumberg, Daniel Friedmann, Être psy, Paris, Editions Montparnasse, 2009, coffret 14 DVD, Chimères: Revue des schizoanalyses, 72, p. 325-326 (in French), 2010.

Presentations with publication of the proceedings at national and international symposiums

  1. Tajan N. “Psychiatric, NPOs and Clinical Approaches of Hikikomori”, presentation at the 10th Symposium of the French Society of Japanese Studies, Toulouse II University le Mirail, Toulouse, December 19th 21st 2012, in Japon Pluriel 10, p. 203-210, forthcoming (in French with English abstract), 2015.1.
  2. Tajan N. “Japanese Psychology: History, Challenges, Perspectives”, presentation at 54th National Congress of the French Society of Psychology, Montpellier University, Montpellier, September 3rd 5th, p. 180-182 (in French), 2012.
  3. Tajan, N. “Hikikomori, an Idiom of Distress”, presentation at Japanese French Research (JFR), Maison Franco-Japonaise, Tōkyō, December 17th 2011, p. 32-33 (in French and English), 2011.

Scientific popularization and other publications

  1. Miwaki Y. and Tajan N., McGill Illness Narratives Interview (MINI), first Japanese translation, August 2014, retrieved from http://www.mcgill.ca/tcpsych/research/cmhru/mini
  2. 日本とフランスの「ひきこもり」比較 / French Hikikomori, Wochi Kochi Magazine, Japan Foundation, (in English and Japanese), April 1st
  3. Otake, T., “French researchers seek ‘raison d’être’ of hikikomori”, in Japan Times newspaper, (in English), Sunday November 20th 2011


PhD Dissertation: “Social withdrawal in Japan”

The purpose of my PhD Dissertation is to provide a review of social withdrawal in Japan (hikikomori and futōkō). Hikikomori is the phenomenon of social withdrawal that effects hundreds of thousands individuals, in which the individual shuts his/herself in their room generally at their family’s home for several months and even years without social relationships. During the period of compulsory education, students’ social withdrawal is rather coined by the term futōkō (school non-attendance). First, I consider hikikomori as a social issue and sum up previous research in Anthropology, Psychiatry and Psychology. Then, I describe my investigation in NPOs, hikikomori individuals’ accounts I collected, and draw my perspective on the intersection of Clinical Psychology and Mental Health Anthropology. Second, I investigate the support available to futōkō since many hikikomori experienced school non-attendance, using research interviews with Japanese clinical practitioners. Finally, I examine social withdrawal phenomenon in relation to Japanese identity discourse, towards a new approach of Doi Takeo’s, Kawai Hayao’s, and Jacques Lacan’s writings. My results reveal that hikikomori mostly receive support from caregivers working in NPOs, among which psychiatrists and psychologists are absent. However, while clinical psychologists actually support junior high school students who are classified as futōkō, the support available to high school dropouts remains low. As a whole, this dissertation shows that at the beginning of the 21st century, we are just witnessing the birth of psychological clinics in Japan, especially in the field of child and adolescent mental care.

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